Born in 1903, Kamaladevi was the fourth and the youngest daughter of Ananthaya Dhareshwar and his wife Girijamma.
The list of organisations she founded or was closely associated with, All India Women's Congress, National School of Drama, Sangeet Natak Akademi, Central Cottage Industries Emporium, the Crafts Council of India, Indian Cooperative Union, barely begin to scratch the surface of Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay's many achievements.
On her return to India, Kamaladevi threw herself into the freedom struggle. In 1930, Kamaladevi was part of Gandhi's salt satyagraha team and she was later arrested for entering the Bombay Stock Exchange to sell packets of contraband salt. She was married at the age of 14. However, the Kamaladevi that most Indians are familiar with is a figure who revived Indian handicrafts and nurtured the greater majority of the country's national institutions charged with the promotion of dance, drama, art, theatre, music, and puppetry.
Suhasini was the younger sister of Sarojini Naidu and it was through her that Kamaladevi met Harindranath 'Harin' Chattopadhyay (Suhasini's elder brother).
Post independence, she worked for the rehabilitation of refugees. Widely known for persuading Mahatma Gandhi to call upon women to march with him in the Indian Independence Movement in the early 20th century, Chattopadhyay had a career of firsts. She also pressed for a uniform civil code as a means to promote gender justice, worked hard for the prevention of child marriage and emphasised on the need to consider women's unpaid household labour an economic activity.
Kamaladevi was the first woman to run for Legislative office. In 1974, she was awarded the titles of Ratna Sadsya by the Sangeet Natak Akademi and Desikottama by Shantiniketan, the highest awards of both the organizations.
The colourful doodle celebrates Kamaladevi's multi-faceted accomplishments and her immense contribution in enriching India's cultural and social fabric.
The woman fighter and artist passed away at the age of 85 on October 29, 1988. Happy 115th birthday, Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay!
The doodle is only visible to Internet users accessing Google from India to ensure that the doodle is relevant to the region.
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